Thursday, May 24, 2012

O Brother, Where Goest Thou?

Have you ever assessed a patient, weighing in your mind the number of  co-morbidities present and their severity, and realized with a jolt that if things don't change right sharpish, your patient will be a former patient?

On a Christmas weekend many years ago, I stood by  Eric's hospital bed.  He liked his room dark, lit with only a nightlight after 11pm so I did not snap on the overhead light.  That night the room was suffused with a glow from a miniature Christmas tree hung with tiny packages and ribbons.  From beneath a plaid blanket brought from home, Eric watched me approach with several syringes and alcohol wipes.  Where once we had joked and talked about his tv programs, tonight he managed only a wan smile of recognition.  

Eric was no older than 30; he had once had a profession but gave it up as the illness made simply getting out of bed an ordeal.  He had an intestinal condition...nausea & vomiting...weight loss...inability to gain a meaningful amount of weight...intractable pain...and insomnia.  His diagnosis didn't seem (to me or anyone else) sufficiently grave to cause a young person to waste away before our eyes.   

This condition waxed and waned over the course of five years.  He was hospitalized when the pain became too much to bear or he was unable to keep down any food.  Once he came in with a brisk GI bleed and passed frank blood for days.  Each time he was discharged he recovered, but never fully; then would come a relapse.  

He was not a favorite Frequent Flier.  Some of the staff disliked his continual demands for narcotic pain meds, coupled with whatever anti-nausea drug and sedative the doctors ordered, as often as he could get it.  He was a timekeeper, knew exactly when the stuff was due.  It was seldom enough to allow him a full night's sleep or full relief from pain and nausea. 

As my eyes adjusted to the low light this Christmas night, he threw back the coverlet, revealing a shockingly emaciated body.  I came to an abrupt and horrifying reality; he was back again, no improvement, back on mega narcotics, still insomniac, no definitive diagnosis.  Where are you going with this? I asked myself.  I have learned since to be wary of the question.  
To be privy to the end of human life, whenever it presents itself, is a burden and an honor. Most of the patients know their time is short.  Yet some people go along with the flow of their disease process without understanding what is going on or how serious their illness has become.  Think of COPD patients who leave the hospital and continue smoking, or diabetics with every -opathy possible who will not control their diets, check blood glucose only "when they think of it", and take their meds the same way. 

Silly of me to talk as if attention to regimen is the whole answer.  No one gets out of here alive, someone observed.  So it's true we are all on the same road to what we hope will be a good death in the end.  It is my hope for those I care for that they will become co-creators in their good death, not one day stunned to find themselves in line at the pearly gates.  

The discussion that follows the question, "Where are you going with this?" is not a comfortable one, which is why there are palliative care teams and hospices to guide the process.  Understanding that recovery is not possible allows room for other kinds of care just as important as vigorous treatment.  We got a note of thanks from the family of a patient who had gone to hospice.  The family had difficulty facing The Discussion, which they had to do in their parent's stead; dementia had left the parent sweetly senile.  The parent is at home under hospice care now, with less medical intervention (fewer needle sticks) and surrounded by loving family & staff.  Sometimes the hardest thing to do is the best for the patient.

We are not always talking about the end of life; we often need to teach cause-and-effect of a patient's condition and encourage him to take positive measures to keep whatever function he still has.  Some patients will take your information as gospel and they will recite it back to you with full compliance by the third visit.  Some only get it when they have had another  exacerbation...or three...or six.  
As a nurse develops a "spidey-sense" when things are not right, I hope the other sense is also allowed growing room, so that when a nurse sees signs of denial or end-of-life they are not afraid to begin the conversation.   I wish I had understood enough to sit down and talk with Eric that Christmas, for he was dead by the end of January.  "Where are you going with this?" may be one of the most important conversations your patient will ever have.


Wednesday, May 23, 2012

Thank you, Helen

I was at breakfast recently with Big Sweetie who was going on about people at the soup kitchen whose behavior is utterly annoying, and one in particular whose tolerance level is somewhere in the negative digits.  Sweetie was working himself up into a proper fit of indignation.  I fixed him with a critical stare and said, "Sounds like somebody needs to learn when to say 'Thank you, Helen.'"  Big Sweetie paused, then swiped half of my biscuit, lathered it with blackberry jam, and bit.  

While his mouth was full, I launched into a story.

Several millennia ago I was in nursing school.  We were the first graduating class in this particular school, and for our second year they added new instructors to the faculty, including Mrs. Willis who was to teach us psychiatric nursing.  She was an odd duck from the start; everyone agreed to this.  She was short and skinny with a pointy nose, cropped dark hair, and black-framed glasses that today would spell "geek".  She genuinely liked psych nursing.  She also had a way of evading questions that put the Gotta-Have-an-A students in a panic.  

Our class was nothing if not diverse.  There were among us women who were grandmothers, mothers, young marrieds, one just-out-of-high-school, and four men.  Adult students take college more seriously than do young people; add to that faculty who were learning to work together and an untried curriculum and you have more variables than an established nursing school presents.  It proved to be a learning experience for all.  

In those pre-NCLEX days, my adult classmates developed the habit of arguing every ambiguous answer.  One memorable test question involved a patient with hyponatremia, a term our instructors had not used, speaking instead of "low blood sodium."  I read the question, thought Na = sodium, so natremia must mean sodium in the blood, and answered the question accordingly.  (I think I answered wrong.)  The more vocal students ate up a good deal of class time protesting the test question because it used a term we had not been taught.  Ambiguous test questions like that one were thrown out with startling regularity.  

By the second year the faculty were not so easily argued down.

We waded through OB, successfully as it turned out, but we still had to pass psych in order to graduate.  Few of us looked forward to psych rotation, and the mental hospital where we were to be students looked like the set of One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, which put us all on edge.  

In the classroom, Mrs Willis' lectures on psychiatric nursing further horrified us with talk of electroconvulsive therapy, masturbating patients, and four-point leather restraints.  Her peculiar sense of humor and often cryptic answers should have warned us.  I was not the only one counting the minutes until we could escape the whole psych nursing experience.  Mrs Willis finally finished lecturing; she grinned fiendishly when the A's asked her what to study for the test.  And then there was a memorable test.

38.  "Helen, a patient on the psychiatric unit, approaches you and hands you a shoe; the shoe is filled with feces.  Your response should be:
A. There is poop in this shoe, and it's unsanitary.  Did you wash your hands?
B. Tell me what this means, Helen.  Why are you giving this to me?
C. I am going to report you to the doctor.  Maybe you need a change of medication.
D. Thank you, Helen.

Imagine the furor in class as we corrected those questions!  Few of us answered correctly; I think I went for answer A.  The correct answer, Mrs Willis insisted, was D. Thank you, Helen.  Several A students gasped; the class all but collectively fainted.  We were still talking about it at year's end.  During the faculty roast we wished her a hearty handshake from a masturbating patient, and a shoe filled with shit.  She seemed pleased by our tribute.

Big Sweetie put down a rasher of bacon.  "You mean to tell me the correct answer really was supposed to be, Thank you, Helen?"  I assured him it was so. He shook his head.  

I continued, "You know, the more I work with people who are crazy or addicted or half-dead the more I learn about people who are not on the same leg of the journey as I am.  It seems to me the only thing we can say to some people is a simple acknowledgement that we don't get each other, but we're still cool. Thanks, Mrs Willis, for the insight.

In memoriam Mrs. Willis, wherever you are.  May your shoe be always full.